Before we can expect students to give clear, full sentence responses, teachers need to model a complete sentence and provide sentence starters. The question must elicit a full sentence response and may follow a short answer question. Prior to calling on an individual student to respond, teach, ask a question specific to what has been taught, then:
- provide a sentence starter.
- pause and/or pair-share, thus providing students with thinking time and an opportunity to practise articulating the response prior to being called on to ‘stand and deliver’.
- select a non-volunteer to articulate the answer, provide effective feedback.
- may ask the whole class to chorally repeat the complete sentence.