Principles of Instruction

The Principles of Instruction describe a collection of teaching functions highly associated with the most significant student learning gains across K-12, and across all KLAs. The principles were first developed by Barak Rosenshine. Whilst the original research gathered data from the behaviours of master teachers, current research relies on two additional sources of data: cognitive science and cognitive supports. Throughout decades of research, it has been shown that the most effective teachers ensure that students efficiently acquire, rehearse and connect knowledge by providing a good deal of instructional support (Rosenshine, 2012).

Hover, then click on each Principles of Instruction ‘button’ above to find:

  • an overview of the principle
  • illustrations of the principle from the classroom (including teaching samples)
  • supporting external resources for each principle 
  • adjustments and considerations for students with additional needs

Download Rosenshine, B (2012) ‘Principles of Instruction’, in American Educator, v36 n1